Daylight Saving Time ends Nov. 5. That means we’ll all get an extra hour of sleep. But before you get too excited about a little extra snooze time, you should know that the end of Daylight Saving Time brings with it potentially dangerous side effects related to road safety.
Lytx VP of Global Sales Strategy Jeff Martin explains why the Monday morning and evening commutes after a time change are so challenging for drivers (and how fleet safety managers can ensure their drivers turn in safe and sound Monday night).
Fatigued drivers behind the wheel could be more prone to collisions
While people may sleep an extra hour on Sunday morning, it may not change what time they go to bed. Problem is, “by the time people go back to work on Monday, the body simply hasn’t adjusted to the new sleep and wake schedule,” Martin said.
That means Monday morning drivers tend to be more fatigued, less alert, and have slower reaction times, Martin said. And the afternoon or evening commute isn’t much better. The Insurance Bureau of British Columbia reported that there is generally an increase in the average number of collisions during the late afternoon commute in the two weeks following the end of Daylight Saving Time, compared to the two weeks prior to the change.
“At the very least, greater fatigue leads to less attentive driving,” Martin said. “If traffic is slowing ahead, a fatigued driver is likely to recognize the slowdown late, and it could result in a rear-end collision. By Monday morning, the body and mind have not adjusted to the time change, and it can show in drivers’ slower reaction times.” A tired driver also is less likely to scan mirrors, Martin said, increasing the chances of a driver to change lanes without looking or be surprised by the aggressive maneuvers of other drivers.
Earlier darkness affects circadian rhythms
By the time 4 p.m. rolls around, depending on where you are, darkness already has set in. That means drivers in the thick of the evening commute are driving in the dark. “And darkness tells the body, ‘You can rest,’” Martin said. “So again, fatigue increases—and in congested end-of-day traffic where pedestrians, road markings and potholes are harder to see in the dark, it creates a changing, dangerous situation,” he said, especially considering that nearly three out of four pedestrian deaths occur at nighttime and distracted pedestrians are on the rise.
Beware the angle of the sun
The end of Daylight Saving Time means drivers heading to work will be on the road an hour earlier, when the sun is positioned lower. That means the sun could be shining directly into your drivers’ eyes or opposing lane drivers eyes. With more fatigued drivers and potentially visually impaired drivers on the road, “it makes for a bad mix,” Martin said.
So how can drivers adjust to these challenges?
By remembering three simple S’s, Martin said:
- Schedule: Encourage them to start their journey a few minutes earlier so they’re not feeling rushed—about 15 minutes earlier should suffice. “When drivers are rushed, they tend to feel anxious and make poor decisions,” Martin said.
- Speed: Encourage drivers to reduce their speed by about five to 10 miles per hour, Lisk said. It’s a simple move that gives drivers more reaction time. If your drivers are driving at a slower speed, they’ll have more time to respond and won’t require as much stopping distance.
- Space: Remind drivers to leave extra space between themselves and the vehicle ahead. The extra space provides a greater buffer to protect against collisions in the morning rush hour and gives drivers additional time to safely see, think and act.
- To prepare for the time change, drivers could set their alarms a bit earlier on Friday and Saturday mornings before the time change, Martin said. It will make it easier for them to be motivated Monday morning.
- Raise awareness (posters, hand-outs, meetings, etc.) with drivers before and after Daylight Savings Time, reviewing personal preparedness and the importance of defensive driving techniques to focus on.